Трећи фебруар је за философију у нашој школи био мали празник.
Андреа Ђурђевић, матурант 41 одељења (машински техничар за компјутерско конструисање), представљала је ове године нашу школу на међународном философском конкурсу BALTIC SEА ESSAY EVENT 2020, који у недељи философије (трећа недеља у новембру) већ годинама, под покровитељством УНЕСКО-а, организује Финска философска асоцијација. На конкурсу је учествовало 211 есеја из десет земаља света, а Андреа је на енглеском језику написала сјајан есеј на тему односа у савременом друштву.
Поновни почетак наставе уживо искористили смо да Андреи свечано уручимо Сертификат о учешћу, који је стигао крајем прошле године из Хелсинкија. Сертификат је Андреи уручила помоћник директора Мирјана Кесић, пожелевши јој много нових успеха у будућности, а Андреин ментор, Александар Стевановић, уручио јој је Платонову „Одбрану Сократову“, који јој је наша школа даровала за успомену на сјајно представљање. Андреини одељенски другови и другарице топло су поздравили њен успех, као и ученици 49 (конзерватори и гравери), који су својим присуством увеличали овај тренутак.
Па ко каже да философија ничему не служи? ;)
Aндреин есеј у целости можете прочитати овде:
“Tehnoart Belgrade”, High school for Technique and Arts – Belgrade, Serbia
“A free society is a community of free beings, bound by the laws of sympathy and by
the obligations of family love. It is not a society of people released from all moral
constraint–for that is precisely the opposite of a society. Without moral constraint
there can be no cooperation, no family commitment, no long-term prospects, no
hope of economic, let alone social, order.”
Roger Scruton: “The Limits of Liberty” (2008)
The question of a free society is one of the most asked questions of the 21st century. In this citation the terms of free society and moral are closely connected. The question I’m asking now is:
“Is it more important to live as a completely free individual or to live by some moral standards and laws for the sake of functional society?”
The question of borders of freedom is frequently asked. What exactly are borders of freedom? It’s talked a lot about being different and expressing yourself. People express themselves trough their hair color, clothes, tattoos...What happens if someone is offended by someone’s tattoo, or trademarks on their clothes. We have conflict of opinions. One stands for giving people the free will to do, wear or paint whatever they want on their bodies. The other one is strongly against this. My opinion stands somewhere in between. I agree with the first one because it’s my body and the tattoo of a butterfly can’t hurt or disrespect you in any way. But I can understand the other one too. It is disrespectful to go into a church in short skirt, or into school in sandals. I don’t think that I am capable of saying where the borders of freedom exactly lie, and I’m sure that I am not alone in this. Many more people around me are confused what solution should be: unconditional extracting of Freedom or harmonious functioning of the society?
The reference “I want or we want to be free” is a common sentence among all Activists. It doesn’t matter what their goal is or which group they are, the protest says the same “Free us!” If we look back on human history we could see all different ways of society functioning and to this day we evolved into something that we call “The Free”, or as Karl Popper call it “The Open society”. That means that we have the opportunity to love who we want, do what we want and say what we want. And, what is most important – every human being is considered to be free.
What I’m asking now is: ‘’Could there be a compromise between Freedom and functional society?’’ Can we live by moral standards and still consider ourselves completely free? And how far can the boundaries of freedom expand till the system as we know it today collapses? If we look closely at the human behavior, we can tell that we successfully function on a daily basis with other people because of our moral constraints. In simple words: we don’t do or say everything that we think or want because our moral beliefs forbid us. If we start living without them, would we be doomed to lose the terms of respect, compassion, kindness…? I think my question goes in favour of the citation, and yes”a society of people released from all moral constraints–is precisely the opposite of a society”. Because without morality we lose responsibility for our actions to the excuse of Free will. At this very moment our society is testing the truth of this citation. Every day there’s a new group of people protesting and demanding a new Right for something. The foundations of general morality are shaken. We can see people loosing mutual values and compassion every day more and more. I would associate it with all of us becoming more selfish, looking only at our own benefits regardless of how that affects the people or nature around us. If everyone in some community would act like that the only respect among people that will remain would be respect for doing as we please. And we can unfortunately see that slowly happening all around us. Even in our buildings, schools and even buses. We will see where future will take us. From my personal perspective there can’t be alternative to the compromise. The lack of compromise would lead to the complete disappearance of free society and moral standards as we know it today. It doesn’t necessarily need to happen the same moment, but inevitably in some point. Misuse of the Free Will would lead to the disappearance of moral society and destruction of Freedom as it should be, leaving the empty husk of Selfishness.
I came to conclusion that people are now mixing the term of personal and general moral. The personal moral are values that we choose for ourselves. Some sort of standard by which we determine, for example, who is going to be in our closest group of friends, or what we consider right in proceedings with someone close to us. We are living in the age where our privacy is completely compromised. With the help of social network it is very easy to become an Influencer that creates values and opinions for the people all around the World. This is the moment where personal and general moral are mixed. We start posting on social network from the moment we wake up. Almost nothing stays intimate. I think we are not completely aware that we can hurt someone’s feelings, make them feel bad and change their way of understanding life by a simple post. In some way we have general moral slowly fading. Lack of compassion, respect, kindness becomes acceptable, even preferable.
If we let the Free Will to destroy general moral values we would see people fighting on the streets because they don’t like someone’s eyes, because it is the question of their Free will. The cashier would not want to serve us because she doesn’t like our face. The families would fall apart because there would be no respect between spouses or children and parents. We would inevitably jeopardize someone’s life or feelings exercising our Freedom. It would be Bellum omnium contra omnes in The Best of all possible Worlds.